Monthly Archives: April 2015

Is Canada’s Real Estate Market Overvalued, And Does It Need a Correction?

At this point, it’s probably safe to say that most Canadians with any vested interest in the real estate market, have some awareness of the growing home prices nationwide. But the question that many analysts have asked is whether we can describe Canada’s current market conditions as being in a bubble. Essentially, some analysts and observers believe that the real estate has reached a limit, and that a “correction” (or “crash,” significant decline) in prices is inevitable. If home prices continue to climb the way that they have, it may one day reach a point where the bulk of Canadians will not be able to afford a home, unless wages and salaries are also increased to compensate.

Fears that Canadian home prices are overvalued were reinforced as recently as today. Susan Pigg of The Toronto Star reports on the recent data released by the Canadian Mortgage and Housing Corporation (CMHC), which stated that house prices across the country are 3-4% overvalued, with the biggest risk of a severe price drop happening in the “high risk” cities of Regina and Winnipeg, which is being blamed on the combination of escalating prices coupled with the over-construction of units, causing a surplus. Toronto was categorized as “moderate risk” of a correction due to annual price gains that have been more than triple the rate of average salary increases (the CMHC uses a metric that compares home prices to annual incomes), while Vancouver was designated as “low risk,” despite the highest house prices in the entire country.

fitch-ratingsThe question isn’t, whether Canada’s real estate market is overvalued. Their seems to be quite a bit of consensus on this claim. The question we should be asking is by how much? There is some disagreement when it comes to this figure, with the CMHC underestimating it drastically, based on what others have predicted. Variations in this metric can be explained by differences in the measuring process and formulas applied.  As Tamsin McMahon of The Globe and Mail explains, the Bank of Canada has stated that housing prices are overvalued by 20%, as of the third quarter of 2014. Canada’s central bank uses a model that compares the level of house prices to the level of per-capita after-tax income and 10-year government-bond rates, which it uses as an approximation of mortgage rates. Both house prices and incomes are adjusted for inflation. While the popular private credit rating firm, Fitch Ratings, stated that the housing market is overvalued by 24% (as of the second quarter of 2014). Fitch’s model is concerned with “sustainable house prices” – prices based on factors that have consistently driven the demand for new housing historically, factoring in population growth and new-home construction.

David Kaufman of The Financial Post makes the argument that a housing correction would be good for the real estate market, with homeowners in Vancouver and Toronto, in particular, seeing massive gains on the equity value in their houses, having taken advantage of low interest rates, high loan-to-value mortgages and long amortization periods. Kaufman’s argument is interesting, in that, he claims only one of the three main groups of homebuyers — first-timers, young homeowners with growing families, and older homeowners thinking about downsizing — would suffer from a decline in home prices, while the other two groups would benefit. The big winners appear to be first-time homebuyers, with many more being able to enter the market and potentially buy a home, should prices be slashed significantly. The big losers will end up being the “empty nesters looking to downsize,” who will see the value of their home plummet.

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Buying a home at Auction

Tips for Buying a Home at Auction

When it comes to the average resale price of a home in Toronto, it’s increasingly difficult to ignore the overwhelming evidence to suggest that home prices are escalating rapidly in the nation’s busiest and most populated metropolis. The real estate market in the GTA has been big news as of late, making headlines in February, when the average resale price of a detached home in Toronto eclipsed the $1 million mark, and again in March, when house prices overall went up an additional 10% from the previous year. Many analysts are skeptical, arguing that such a trend has no foreseeable signs of slowing down, attributing these price gains to increased demand and competition in the market, with many new potential homebuyers entering the market that has a depleted housing supply. The only units in the GTA that are abundant are condominiums, but if you are looking for a home, many have to prepare for the bidding war that will inevitably ensue. It’s these bidding wars that many believe, is what’s causing prices to balloon at an accelerated rate.

The new trend now, especially in the luxury housing market, has been to completely embrace the bidding war, and transform the sale of the home into an auction. If such a strategy is successful at selling homes that cost millions of dollars, it may be only a matter of time before such a strategy is adopted by the average home seller. It does have some benefits, pitting wannabe homeowners directly with one another, in a forum that is bound to see prices go well above asking. Plus, the seller gets the peace of mind of knowing that his or her home will definitely be sold.

Home-AuctionIn preparation for this possible future, we thought it might be prudent to offer a few tips on how to purchase a home at auction.

The first, and arguably most important tip, is to do your homework. You want to know every last detail of the home you are thinking of purchasing, and if possible, have someone conduct a thorough assessment of the home to point out any areas that may need improvement or immediate renovation. You also want to be familiarized with the ins and outs of the auction process. Contact the auctioneer or the attorney handling the home, find out how much money you’ll need to have as a down payment. Also, some auction companies will require you to bring a certified cheque in the amount of a few thousand dollars, in order for you to demonstrate legitimate intent.

In the same vein, you also want to do some research on the area the home you’re considering buying is located. Find out how much other homes in the area have sold for, which can be done using websites like Zoocasa and Zillow, and determine what a fair selling price for the home might be, and gauge how much you’re willing to spend from there.

Another useful tip, once the auction process has begun, is to keenly observe the other bidders. It is sometimes very easy to get lost in the theatrics of the event, and to get sucked in to the bidding after the price has gone far beyond what you expected to spend, simply for the thrill of participating, and the chance of winning.

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HOT NEW LISTING: #702 – 28 Harrison Garden Blvd | Toronto | $419,000

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HOT NEW LISTING: 79 Reeve Drive | Markham | $1,095,000

A Stunning Home On A Gorgeous Resort Style Lot, In Prime Prestigious Markham Village! This Unique Home Features Stamped Concrete, Professional Landscaping with Heated Salt Water Pool, Stone Outdoor Kitchen, Vaulted Executive Office And Family Room, Updated Windows, Roof, Furnace, AC, New Paint, Move In Ready! A Beautiful Kitchen With Granite, Ceiling Mounted Range Hood, With Top Of The Line Stainless Steel Appliances. Bright All Day With A Solarium, And 3 Skylights Plus Your Own Spa Bathroom Featuring A Steam Shower And Jacuzzi! Spacious Home, An Entertainers Dream Your Guests Will Love. Truly One Of A Kind!
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